ISSN (Online) 2712-8407
DOI: 10.22405/2712-8407


Yapi Joelle Roland

Postgraduate student, Faculty of History and Law, Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University

Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University

(Tula, Russia)


Abstract. The article examines the peculiarities of the perception of the city of Tula and inhabitants of Tula by African students and graduate students who study at universities in the region. The analysis was based on the data of a survey conducted by the author in two Tula universities. It was found that upon arrival in Russia to study, African students note significant differences in climatic conditions. The method of attributing qualities made it possible to identify the main characteristics of Tula and inhabitants of Tula. Africans characterize Tula as a city with a heroic historical past, significant monuments and landmarks. They perceive the urban environment as comfortable for living. The adaptation of foreign students begins with overcoming the language barrier, since almost none of them before arriving in Russia spoke Russian. It is noted that the problems of language acquisition are associated with insufficient contacts with Russian students, which prevents the acquisition of the spoken language. The study shows that the socio-cultural barriers between the usual “own”, African and “other”, Russian / inhabitants of Tula are most noticeably manifested in the perception of space, food, and differences in culture and behavior of people are noticed later. In general, inhabitants of Tula are positively perceived by African students, who note such qualities as hospitality, sociability, and a sense of humor. The author draws attention to the differences in approaches to teaching in Tula universities and in African countries. Students point to the great role of independent work in organizing the educational process in their homeland. The article reveals a tendency that the longer a foreign student lives in Tula, the less he/she notices the negative qualities of the inhabitants of the city and the more likely he/she is to rate them positively.
Keywords: foreign students, African countries, Tula, adaptation, perception of another, cultural and linguistic barrier, image of the city.

Full text of the article (PDF)

For citation: Yapi, JR 2021, ‘Tula and tula’s dwellers in the early 21st centure in perception of the african undergraduate and postgraduate students’, Tula Scientific Bulletin. History. Linguistics, issue 1 (5), pp. 46–54, (in Russ.)


1. Dyatlov V. I. Transgranichnye migranty v sovremennoy Rossii: dinamika formirovaniya stereotipov [Cross-border migrants in modern Russia: dynamics of the formation of stereotypes]. Migratsii i diaspory v sotsiokul'turnom, politicheskom i ekonomicheskom prostranstve Sibiri. Rubezhi XIX – XX i XX – XXI vekov [Migration and Diaspora in the Sociocultural, Political and Economic Space of Siberia. The frontiers of the 19th – 20th and 20th – 21st centuries]. Irkutsk: Ottisk publ, 2010. 640 p. (In Russ.)
2. Izard K. Psikhologiya emotsii [Psychology of emotions]. St. Petersburg: Piter publ, 2006. 464 p. (In Russ.)
3. Kutkovoy N. A. Udivleniye kak predmet sotsial'no-psikhologicheskogo issledovaniya [Surprise as a subject of socio-psychological research]. Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal [National Psychological Journal], 2013, No 3(11), pp. 47–53. (In Russ.)
4. Migratsiia i mezhnatsional'nye otnosheniya: resurs gosudarstvenno-obshchestvennogo partnerstva v Rossii [Migration and interethnic relations: a resource of statepublic partnership in Russia]. Ed. by V. A. Tishkov, V. V. Stepanov. Moscow: Institut etnologi i antropologii RAN publ, 2019. 340 p. (In Russ.)
5. Nam I. V. Migranty v universitetskom gorode (otnosheniye prinimaiushchego obshchestva [Migrants in the university city (attitude of the host society]. Migratsii i migranty v Rossii i mire: opyt sotsial'no-antropologicheskikh i etnograficheskikh nabliudenii [Migration and migrants in Russia and the world: experience of socioanthropological and ethnographic observations]. Ed. by Stepanov V. V. Moscow: Institut etnologi i iantropologii RAN Publ., 2015 – 2016. Pp. 263–272. (In Russ.)
6. Ekman P. Psikhologiya emotsii. Ia znaiu, chto ty chuvstvuyesh' [Psychology of emotions. I know what you feel]. St. Petersburg: Piter publ., 2010. 334 p. (In Russ.)
7. Katz D., Braly K. W. Racial stereotypes of one hundred college students. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. 1933. Vol. 28. Pp. 280–290. (In Eng.)
8. Park R.E. The Concept of Social Distance. Race and Culture. Glencoe, III: The Free Press. 1950. Pp. 256–260. (In Eng.)