ISSN (Online) 2712-8407
DOI: 10.22405/2712-8407


Nikita A. Naidich

Student of the Faculty of Russian Philology and Documentary

Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University

(Tula, Russia)


Abstract. The article is devoted to the consideration of sacred texts in the context of gender linguistics. The work consists of an analysis and comparison of the gender orientation of the East Slavic rituals and incantations of the concepts “Health”, “Love”, “Family”, “Craft”. The object of the study is the gender linguistic and cultural features of ritual texts. The purpose of the study was to prove that ritual texts, as well as concepts of sacred discourse, have a different gender orientation. Research objectives are: 1) to select language material for linguistic and cultural analysis; 2) to examine ritual texts and their concepts for the presence of gender orientation; 3) to analyze the linguistic features of rituals and sacred concepts, as well as to determine their gender orientation; 4) to compare the presented concepts of ritual texts. To analyze the gender orientation of incantations and rites, the paper uses collections of ritual texts by outstanding philologists and folklorists such as Maykov L. N., Vinogradov N. N., Anikin V. N. In the process of selecting language material, the author focuses on the following indicators: the intention and gender orientation of the ritual, pronounced linguistic features that determine the orientation of the text, as well as actions accompanying the ritual. Initially, the author analyzes the incantations of the concept of “Health”, as most of them are gender neutral. The ritual texts of the concepts “Love” and “Family” are considered in the work more thoroughly because these rituals are focused on women. Thus, in the process of analyzing love and family incantations, it is possible to determine the average size of such texts, identify language specifics, and also find the most commonly used magic words and actions. In addition, the work examines the texts of the concept “Craft”, which are aimed at men. A detailed analysis and comparison of the gender orientation of sacred concepts and texts are presented in the table.
Keywords: gender linguistics, linguoculturology, language, culture, ritual texts, ritual vocabulary.

Full text of the article (PDF)

For citation: Naidich, NA 2022, ‘Gender orientation of ritual texts’, Tula Scientific Bulletin. History. Linguistics, issue 1 (9), pp. 90–96, (in Russ.)


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